Infrastructure initiatives and maintenance activities are largely overseen by state and local governments. These entities play a key role in funding, building, and operating roads, bridges, transit, airports, water, sanitation, and countless other forms of infrastructure. Some projects, like road repairs, seek to improve the local economy and the public’s quality of life, and other initiatives, like upgrading water systems, keep the community safe and healthy. The federal government plays a more influential role in capital investment, but state and local spending still accounts for the majority of public capital spending. With reduced federal capital investment, and unpredictable funding from states, local governments have taken on an even greater responsibility of fiscal infrastructure policy.